Effects of Alcohol abuse on LGBTQ

Effects of Alcohol abuse on LGBTQ

Social Media Campaign Proposal – Working Bibliography (due end of Week 2- June 1st) Hide Assignment Information Instructions Post a working bibliography (list of references) using APA format into the assignments folder with at least 4-5 scholarly sources. See note below about acceptable sources. For each reference, write 2-3 sentences in your own words that summarize the main point(s) of the source. Do not use quotations. Summaries that are not in your own words will not be graded and may be reported to the dean\’s office for action if they appear to be plagiarized. (15 points) Due Date Jun 1, 2021 11:59 PM Hide Rubrics Rubric Name: Annotated Bibliography This table lists criteria and criteria group names in the first column. The first row lists level names and includes scores if the rubric uses a numeric scoring method. You can give feedback on each criterion by tabbing to the add feedback buttons in the table. Criteria Level 4 4 points Level 3 3 points Level 2 2 points Level 1 1 point Criterion Score APA Citation Work is correctly cited and formatted in APA style with no errors in formatting, style, or information Work is correctly cited and formatted in APA style with only one or two minor errors in formatting, style or information Work is not correctly cited in APA style. There are several errors and/or important information omitted or the wrong style is used. There is no APA citation or the APA style is incorrect. Score of APA Citation,/ 4 Summary of source The sources are clearly, accurately and concisely summarized. The main argument of the source is clearly stated and only important details are given. The source summarized and the main argument is clearly stated. Some details are included. The main argument of the source is not stated or not clear or inaccurately stated. No details are given or too many details are given. Sources are not effectively summarized. Score of Summary of source,/ 4 Analysis of source Annotation concisely discusses several significant aspects of the methodology, disciplinary perspective, types of evidence or audience of the source. Its strengths or weaknesses are mentioned and how it might be useful or limited Annotation discusses at least one significant aspect of the methodology, disciplinary perspective, types of evidence or audience of the source. Its strengths or weaknesses are mentioned and how it might be useful or limited. Annotation fails to mention an important aspect of the source\’s methods, discipline etc. and/or does not in any way assess its quality or usefulness. There is no analysis of the source Score of Analysis of source,/ 4 Quality of sources The source is reliable, credible and substantial and clearly would provide useful information on the topic for a scholarly investigation. The source is reliable. It contains at least one demonstrably useful form of information for a scholarly investigation of the topic. The source lacks credibility or is not substantial enough to be useful to a scholarly investigation of the topic. The source is not reliable, credible, or substantial. Score of Quality of sources,/ 4 Style and Technical correctness: paragraphs, etc Elements of the annotation are smoothly integrated so it reads as a coherent whole. There is obvious effort to integrate the elements of the annotation. There are some minor technical errors. There are a number of technical errors that interfere with the paper’s clarity and coherence. There are serious errors. The paper is very difficult to read and lacks logic and organization.

 

Answer

Effects of Alcohol abuse on LGBTQ

 

 

 

 

Annotated Bibliography: Effect of alcohol abuse on LGBTQ

Student name

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OBrien, K. A. Alcoholism & Drug Abuse Council of Orange County Goshen, NY. Retrieved from: http://www.adacinfo.com/

The article by Obrien starts by defining alcohol abuse as alcohol dependence characterized by frequent alcohol consumption. This is caused by an inability to control oneself physically and emotionally resulting to alcoholism. Symptoms including drinking daily and having problems conducting daily operations until they consume. The individual then feels guilty for drinking but later drinks leading to a cycle due to dependence. There are various social and physical effects of alcohol abuse. According to a national survey on Drug Use in the United States in 2017, more that 19 million individuals are had substance use disorder. People who identify as LGBT are more than three times more likely to have a severe alcohol use disorder due to discrimination, trauma and recreation in gay bars. Approximately 25% of the LGBTQ community has a drinking problem. The effects range from health factors like anxiety, depression, self-harm and suicide.

This article is vital for this study as it defines the LGBTQ individuals and indicates the risk factors of alcohol abuse and the effects. Emotional distress, discrimination, homelessness, lack of support and poor mental health are some of the risk factors faced by LGBTQ community members. Alcohol abuse leads to increased risk of contracting HIV, mismanagement of finances, withdraw and intensified poor mental health.

Coulter, R. W., Birkett, M., Corliss, H. L., Hatzenbuehler, M. L., Mustanski, B., & Stall, R. D. (2016). Associations between LGBTQ-affirmative school climate and adolescent drinking behaviors. Drug and alcohol dependence161, 340-347.

Discrimination and traumatic stress have been regarded as the major causes of alcohol and substance abuse among the LGBTQ. This research article seeks to investigate if LGBTQ adolescents drank less alcohol if they were in areas where schools were more inclusive of the LGBTQ. Secondary data was collected from the School profile surveys from 2010 which helped measure the school climate. The climate was defined as the percentage of how safe a school was for the LGBTQ. The data collected was then linked to the Youth Risk Behavior Survey from 2005 and 2007. This survey measured sexual orientation and alcohol use in the school. It factored in the number of drinking days and the heavy drinking days in eight jurisdictions. The relationship between school climate and alcohol use among the LGBTQ was tested using the Poisson model. Results from this study indicate that living in jurisdictions that are more inclusive of the LGBTQ community in the schools climate resulted to significantly less alcohol abuse. There was fewer episodic drinking and few drinking days. The incidence rate ratio was 0.57.

This article is relevant to the study since it indicates that inclusive and affirmative environments for LGBTQ adolescents in schools lowers the risk to alcohol abuse. This means that discrimination is major cause of alcohol and substance abuse for LGBTQ. In less inclusive areas, they rely on gay bars for socialization and as a safe space. The main strength for the study is its objectivity and accuracy due to its quantitative nature. It involves two variables thus the focus was to establish association. Due to this, the research findings can be applied to a broad context. However, the study ignores all other aspects that may have contributed to alcohol use in the different jurisdictions including individual preferences. It is also difficult to understand due to the incidence rate ratios used from the Poisson methodology.

Skerrett, D. M., Kõlves, K., & De Leo, D. (2016). Factors related to suicide in LGBT populations. Crisis. Retrieved from: https://econtent.hogrefe.com/doi/abs/10.1027/0227-5910/a000423?journalCode=cri

Members of the LGBTQ community are highly vulnerable to fatal behaviors. This research utilizes a psychosocial autopsy method to identify factors related to suicide among the LGBT in Australia. The study utilized interviews to twenty seven participants. These included a family member of an LGBT person who had died from suicide. In addition, the study facilitated three living LGBT individuals as controls to each suicide case handled in the study. This method is significant since it ensured there was minimal digress from the variable being studies.

The research findings indicate that there was a high incidence rate of alcohol and substance abuse disorders among most of the LGBT individuals who had committed suicide.  This was identified to have been an avoidant coping strategy who these individuals as they lacked family acceptance and had negative emotions concerning their sexuality. This is crucial to this study as it informs the effects of alcohol abuse to being a contributing factor to suicide. Most of the individuals who had committed suicide were found to have come out to their families two years earlier than the individuals used for control. Violence and poor mental health state were also concluded to be effects of alcohol abuse leading to suicide. This research is limited by the scope of study having only interviewed individuals in Australia as well as focusing on suicide as the effect of alcohol abuse in LGBT. Use of interviews presents the research with firsthand data that is more detailed thus representative of the LGBT population.

Fenkl, E. A., Jones, S. G., Aronowitz, T., Messmer, P., Olafson, E. A., Simon, S. R., & Framil, C. V. (2020). Risky sex and other personal consequences of alcohol and drug use among LGBTQ college students. Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care31(4), 476-482.

Twenty one percent of the new diagnosed cases in the United States among young people aged between 13 and 24 years were HIV positive. Most of the young people engage in risky sexual behavior with 19% indicating that there last sexual encounter was after alcohol abuse. This article examined the personal outcomes of alcohol abuse among LGBTQ college students. The findings indicate that individuals in the LGBTQ community are at a higher risk to HIV and STIs due to alcohol and substance abuse.  This descriptive study indicates that LGBTQ and gender-non conforming individuals were likely to drink more than five dinks per sitting. The more alcohol they consumed, the more the chances they had unprotected sex with casual partners. The institute of Medicine in 2011 indicated alcohol abuse among the LGBTQ and gender non-conforming individuals as a priority topic due to the effects.

This article is relevant die to its focus on the effects of alcohol abuse as being risky sex, anxiety and depression among others. While the study relies on secondary data, it is informative and broadly applicable. However, the data cannot be statistically verified thus may result to bias.

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